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Early Day Motions

Published: Wednesday 22 September 2021

Early Day Motions tabled on Tuesday 21 September 2021

Early Day Motions (EDMs) are motions for which no days have been fixed.

The number of signatories includes all members who have added their names in support of the Early Day Motion (EDM), including the Member in charge of the Motion.

EDMs and added names are also published on the EDM database at www.parliament.uk/edm

[R] Indicates that a relevant interest has been declared.

New EDMs

46360th anniversary of Kirklandneuk Primary School

Tabled: 21/09/21 Signatories: 45

Gavin Newlands

Ian Blackford

Mhairi Black

Kirsten Oswald

Carol Monaghan

Ronnie Cowan

Hannah BardellKirsty BlackmanSteven BonnarDeidre BrockAlan BrownAmy CallaghanDr Lisa CameronDouglas ChapmanJoanna CherryAngela CrawleyMartyn DayMartin Docherty-HughesDave DooganAllan DoransMarion FellowsStephen FlynnPatricia GibsonPatrick GradyPeter GrantDrew HendryStewart HosieChris LawDavid LindenAngus Brendan MacNeilStewart Malcolm McDonaldStuart C McDonaldAnne McLaughlinJohn McNallyJohn NicolsonBrendan O'HaraAnum Qaisar-JavedTommy SheppardAlyn SmithChris StephensAlison ThewlissOwen ThompsonRichard ThomsonDr Philippa WhitfordPete Wishart

That this House notes that Kirklandneuk Primary School in Renfrew celebrated its 60th anniversary on 28 August 2021; understands that the school has over the last three weeks had several events celebrating the occasion; believes that Kirklandneuk Primary School has made a substantial contribution to educating youngsters in the Renfrew Area over the years; congratulates the school on reaching this important milestone; and wishes the headteacher, Mrs Karen MacKechnie, staff and pupils every success for the future.


464Centenary of the Victory Baths in Renfrew

Tabled: 21/09/21 Signatories: 45

Gavin Newlands

Ian Blackford

Mhairi Black

Kirsten Oswald

Carol Monaghan

Ronnie Cowan

Hannah BardellKirsty BlackmanSteven BonnarDeidre BrockAlan BrownAmy CallaghanDr Lisa CameronDouglas ChapmanJoanna CherryAngela CrawleyMartyn DayMartin Docherty-HughesDave DooganAllan DoransMarion FellowsStephen FlynnPatricia GibsonPatrick GradyPeter GrantDrew HendryStewart HosieChris LawDavid LindenAngus Brendan MacNeilStewart Malcolm McDonaldStuart C McDonaldAnne McLaughlinJohn McNallyJohn NicolsonBrendan O'HaraAnum Qaisar-JavedTommy SheppardAlyn SmithChris StephensAlison ThewlissOwen ThompsonRichard ThomsonDr Philippa WhitfordPete Wishart

That this House notes that the Victory Baths in Renfrew celebrated its centenary on 19 September 2021; understands that the swimming baths were gifted to the town by shipbuilder and government minister, Sir Frederick Lobnitz, who, along with his wife, Lady Lobnitz and Lady Blythswood conducted the opening ceremony watched by crowds of locals; believes the Victory Baths have played a huge role in the health and well-being of Renfrew over the past 100 years; congratulates the leisure facility on reaching this important milestone; and wishes the staff and users every success for the next 100 years.


465Charges for HSBC Clubs and Community Bank Account holders

Tabled: 21/09/21 Signatories: 1

Liz Saville Roberts

That this House is concerned by HSBC’s decision to unilaterally move HSBC Clubs and Community Bank Account holders to the bank’s new Charitable Bank Account which charges £60 annually; notes that the Bank is imposing criteria which may move Clubs and Community Bank Account holders to other fee-charging accounts; is dismayed that the new Charitable Bank Account will also charge customers to deposit cash at a bank branch or Post Offices and when customers withdraw funds; and calls on the Government to encourage HSBC to reverse its decision.


466Impact of flu

Tabled: 21/09/21 Signatories: 4

Jim Shannon

Carla Lockhart

Sammy Wilson

Sir Jeffrey M Donaldson

That this House recognises the impact flu has on the entire UK; notes the additional challenge faced by vulnerable people and the NHS this winter given the continued presence of covid-19; and encourages the Department of Health and Social Care to consider opportunities to improve the flu pathway including increasing testing and treatment of flu.


467Passing of Jimmy Greeves MBE

Tabled: 21/09/21 Signatories: 4

Jim Shannon

Carla Lockhart

Sir Jeffrey M Donaldson

Sammy Wilson

That this House notes the passing of footballing legend Jimmy Greeves MBE; further notes his tremendous league and international reputation as England’s fourth-highest international goal scorer, Spur's highest ever goal scorer, the highest goal scorer in the history of English top-flight football, and his record of having scored more hat-tricks for England than anyone else; recognises the inspiration that he has been to young people in sport over the past 50 years; and offers sincere condolences to his wife and children, grandchildren and great grandchildren who mourn his loss.


468One year anniversary of G64 Cycles

Tabled: 21/09/21 Signatories: 1

Amy Callaghan

That this House congratulates local Bishopbriggs enterprise, G64 Cycles, on their one year anniversary; commends the team at G64 Cycles for marking this occasion by hosting a Macmillan coffee morning to raise money for cancer support; understands that a £5 donation to Macmillan cancer support is being made for every bike currently sold; praises their efforts to assist the wider community throughout lockdown and the covid-19 outbreak by offering free bike repairs to those in need; recognises their work to promote active travel for all, including local organisations such as Women’s Aid, Bike for Good, YPeople and others by gifting free bikes; and wishes everyone at G64 Cycles continued success in the operation of their ethical local business.

Added Names

Below are EDMs tabled in the last two weeks to which names have been added. Only the first 6 names and any new names are included.

419Trodelvy

Tabled: 10/09/21 Signatories: 18

Mick Whitley

Navendu Mishra

Paula Barker

Jim Shannon

Tracey Crouch

Ian Lavery

Jon CruddasJonathan Edwards

That this House welcomes the news that Trodelvy, a new treatment for women living with incurable metastatic triple negative breast cancer, has been licensed through Project Orbis for use in Great Britain; expresses concern that women now face a delay before they can access the drug and potentially miss out on extra months to live; further welcomes Breast Cancer Now’s Time for Trodelvy campaign, which is supported by over 200,000 people; and urges Gilead, the drug’s owner, to reach an agreement with NHS England to ensure all eligible women can access the drug immediately ahead of a NICE decision.


428Childhood Cancer Awareness Month and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

Tabled: 14/09/21 Signatories: 15

Kirsten Oswald

Richard Burgon

Ian Mearns

Marion Fellows

Jim Shannon

Jonathan Edwards

Paula Barker

That this House acknowledges that September is Childhood Cancer Awareness Month; notes that blood cancers are the most common cancers affecting children and young people and that acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), a type of leukaemia where cancerous cells build up in the bone marrow, is the most common cancer diagnosed in children, further notes that ALL is an acute leukaemia, which means it develops quickly and needs treatment straight away; recognises there are around 790 diagnoses of ALL in the UK each year, including over 500 in people aged under 25; welcomes signs that improvements in outcomes for children and young people with ALL have been driven by improvements in treatment related to clinical trials, including the use of CAR-T therapy, which has been effective in curing some patients with advanced cancers where other treatments have failed; expresses its appreciation for the work of groups such as the Teenage Cancer Trust and Children's Cancer and Leukaemia Group who are working to provide and improve the care and treatment of young people with ALL, supporting them and their families through the aftermath of a diagnosis and the extended period of treatment, which may last for two or more years; and calls on the Government to provide additional funding and support for research into promising treatments, such as CAR-T therapy, and effective means of recognising the signs and symptoms of ALL and other childhood cancers to ensure early diagnosis, which plays such an important role in ensuring survival from these distressing diseases.


433Role of Christian charity

Tabled: 14/09/21 Signatories: 11

Jim Shannon

Sir Jeffrey M Donaldson

Carla Lockhart

Sammy Wilson

Bob Blackman

Paul Girvan

Stephen TimmsAndrew Selous

That this House celebrates the contribution of Christian charity, Faith in Later Life, as it seeks to mobilise the church to reach, serve and empower older people across the UK; notes the contribution of over 480 church champions, as it marks its first Annual conference to equip those who are leading vital work at a local level; and recognises the contribution of the church in this important area as society seeks to engage afresh with older people beyond the pandemic.


442Access to cash (No. 2)

Tabled: 16/09/21 Signatories: 9

John Nicolson

Marion Fellows

Chris Law

Carla Lockhart

Ian Mearns

Allan Dorans

Jim ShannonStewart Malcolm McDonaldJonathan Edwards

That this House recognises that many people living in rural communities need access to cash, particularly those who are elderly or financially excluded; further recognises that the many post office closures are having a devastating impact on people’s access to wider services as well as cash; and implores the Government not to forget the many people who rely on cash in policy going forward.


443North East Child Poverty

Tabled: 16/09/21 Signatories: 11

Ian Lavery

Rebecca Long Bailey

Mary Kelly Foy

Ian Mearns

Kate Osborne

Grahame Morris

Jim ShannonPaula Barker

That this House notes the rapidly increasing levels of child poverty in the North East, including in Wansbeck, among other areas of the North, rising from 26 per cent in 2014-15 to 37 per cent in 2019-20 now the second highest rate across the country only behind London; further notes the profound effects this has on children growing up in poverty in Wansbeck and elsewhere on almost every facet of life from educational outcomes, health outcomes, economic outcomes which puts them at a huge disadvantage compared with their peers; notes that these problems will all be compounded by the £20 cut to universal credit that will only serve to widen the already gross inequalities in this country; and notes the need to act urgently to tackle child poverty as an essential aspect of any levelling up project before the worst economic, social, and political effects manifest themselves.


444Young Christian Climate Network Relay to COP26

Tabled: 16/09/21 Signatories: 4

Munira Wilson

Wera Hobhouse

Jim Shannon

Tim Farron

That this House congratulates all those taking part in the Young Christian Climate Network (YCCN) Relay to COP26 that is taking place 11th June to 31st October 2021; praises the efforts of the organisers and volunteers who have worked tirelessly to facilitate the events; commends all those taking part to raise awareness of the detrimental impacts of climate change on people’s livelihoods and homes; notes with concern that climate-vulnerable countries cannot access finance for adaption and climate-induced damages without incurring further debt; regrets that the Government has reduced its foreign aid budget to 0.5 per cent of national income; and supports the calls of the YCCN Relay for the Government to reinstate foreign aid budget to pre-covid levels and further calls on the Government to show leadership at COP26 in finding ways to finance the climate-induced loss and damage faced by vulnerable countries whilst avoiding further pushing these countries into debt.


445Palliative care

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 6

Siobhain McDonagh

Jim Shannon

Paula Barker

Dan Carden

Jonathan Edwards

Navendu Mishra

That this House notes with concern a recent report by Marie Curie which predicts a 42 per cent increase in demand for end-of-life care by 2040; acknowledges the lack of funding for palliative care in the UK; recognises the crucial role end-of-life care has played during the covid-19 pandemic; understands that palliative care services are under significant strain and as a result almost 15,000 people have died outside of hospital without the necessary support during the covid-19 outbreak; further recognises the continual increase in cost to provide these vital services; and therefore calls on the Government to bring forward plans to this House that resolves the social care crisis and provides sustainable funding for the palliative care sector.


446Broadband for the Rural North campaign

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 2

Tim Farron

Jim Shannon

That this House commends Broadband for the Rural North’s (B4RN) non-profit, community-led approach to developing Fibre To the Premises (FTTP) networks, which has connected 9000 properties across Cumbria, Lancashire and Northumberland; notes the Government’s intention to deliver a minimum of 85 per cent gigabit-capable coverage across the UK by 2025 through Project Gigabit; realises that the model of community-led ISPs, such as B4RN, do not fit with the conditions placed upon Regional and Local suppliers through Project Gigabit; further notes that the deadline for individuals to register for the Voucher Scheme is 24th September 2021; and calls on the Government to ensure the future of Community Benefit Society ISPs by moving areas where they are already actively engaged into Conditional White procurement categories.


447Kirkcaldy Strong group's community walk

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 3

Neale Hanvey

Jim Shannon

Margaret Ferrier

That this House congratulates community fundraising group Kirkcaldy Strong on successfully completing their community walk on 11th September; understands that their route took them via various local charities for whom they were raising funds, including Nourish Support Centre, Kirkcaldy Samaritans, Greener Kirkcaldy, Kirkcaldy Foodbank, Victoria Radio Network, Pete’s Man Chat Movement, Fife Centre for Equalities and the Linton Lane Centre; notes that over £2,200 has been raised already in direct connection with the walk; pays credit to the incredible efforts of Kirkcaldy Strong founder Lisa May Young on organising and leading the event with the help of some fellow volunteers; thanks the local businesses who supported the initiative, including Cupcake Coffee Box, Fife Free Press, The Courier and Kingdom FM; and congratulates all who took part and helped to raise such valuable funds for these vital local charities supporting the Kirkcaldy community, particularly those who braved the heat in dinosaur and mascot costumes.


448South Western Railway proposed timetable changes

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 8

Sarah Olney

Jim Shannon

Munira Wilson

Ed Davey

Tim Farron

Wendy Chamberlain

Jamie StoneLayla Moran

That this House acknowledges the new timetable proposed by South Western Railway, due to come into effect in December 2022; laments that the proposed timetable amounts to a significant reduction in services; notes that current passenger behaviour is not yet representative of post-pandemic demand for public transport; further notes the importance of ensuring that service levels reflect post-pandemic passenger demand; recognises that accepted housing developments in areas near to potentially impacted rail stations have been designed in accordance with pre-pandemic service levels; further recognises South West Railway’s analysis that leisure journeys will return to pre-pandemic levels; expresses concern that at this time of climate crisis, rail services are vital in reducing emissions from private vehicles; believes that announcements on proposed changes should be withheld to avoid incentivising commuters towards more polluting forms of transport; and calls on the Department for Transport to make the necessary interventions to protect heavily relied upon South Western Railway services.


44960 years of independent television in the north of Scotland

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 4

Richard Thomson

Marion Fellows

Jim Shannon

Jonathan Edwards

That this House notes that 30 September 2021 marks sixty years of Independent Television in the North of Scotland; notes that Grampian Television, which served the area with distinction from 1961 to 2006, produced programming in Gaelic, English and Scots at a time when the indigenous languages of Scotland were under increasing threat from globalisation; recognises that many of those programmes are now a valuable archive of the language and culture of North and North-east Scotland; and calls for the full devolution of broadcasting powers to the Scottish Parliament in order that broadcasting policy better reflects the priorities and needs of the people of Scotland.


450Anthony Nolan and Blood Cancer Awareness Month

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 5

Marion Fellows

Jim Shannon

Layla Moran

Navendu Mishra

Margaret Ferrier

That this House recognises Blood Cancer Awareness Month from 1-30 September; notes its importance for raising awareness of blood cancers and the necessity of their early diagnosis to save lives; commends charitable organisations like Anthony Nolan and their campaign to amplify voices of blood cancer patients; recognises their Blood Cancer Awareness Month campaign to stop blood cancer patients being left behind as we come out of the pandemic; and further commends the staff at Anthony Nolan for continuing to provide advocacy, wellbeing and treatment support to blood cancer patients across Scotland and the UK during this challenging time.


451University of St Andrews ranks first in the Good University Guide 2021

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 4

Wendy Chamberlain

Jim Shannon

Jamie Stone

Navendu Mishra

That this House congratulates the University of St Andrews for being ranked first in the Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2021; praises the dedication of students and staff to high academic standards with outstanding teaching and learning opportunities; recognises the achievement of moving to online teaching with only a minimal decline in recorded student satisfactions; recognises all individuals engaged with the university who contribute to the outstanding student experience; and wish all students and staff the very best for the 2021/2022 academic year.


452John Henderson and the 2021 World Cup of Darts

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 2

Richard Thomson

Marion Fellows

That this House congratulates John Henderson of Huntly, Aberdeenshire, on winning the PDC 2021 World Cup of Darts for Scotland with Peter Wright; notes that this is the second time in three years Scotland has won the title; commiserates with Austria, the defeated finalists this time; and wishes John and his many supporters many more victories in future.


453Women in Football

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 9

Julie Elliott

Owen Thompson

Kevin Brennan

Jim Shannon

Paula Barker

Layla Moran

Navendu MishraMargaret FerrierIan Lavery

That this House welcomes Women in Football’s new campaign #GetOnside; echoes the campaign’s call for better gender equality in the football Industry; notes Women in Football’s success in representing women at all levels in the football industry; further notes the positive effect that the 2018 #WhatIf campaign had on equality in football; celebrates the work done by women at all levels of football, from the pitch, to the back rooms, to the boardrooms; thanks Chief Executive Officer Jane Purdon for all her work supporting women in the industry and for her time as CEO; thanks all the Women in Football staff and board for their work; recognises the work done by so many in the sport to support other women in the industry; and wishes Women in Football every success in the #GetOnside campaign.


454Covid-19 vaccinations at Caird Hall

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 4

Chris Law

Marion Fellows

Stewart Malcolm McDonald

Stewart Hosie

That this House notes that Monday 20 September 2021 will be the last day that covid-19 vaccinations are delivered at Dundee’s Caird Hall; celebrates that NHS Tayside have delivered 135,000 vaccinations at the Caird Hall over the last eight months to people across the city and wider Tayside area; further notes that delivery of the vaccination will now continue at a number of local venues across Dundee; thanks all NHS Tayside staff involved in the delivery of vaccinations for their hard work and commitment to keeping people safe throughout the pandemic; and encourages anyone who has yet to receive their vaccination to arrange for one soon.


455Support for refugees

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 5

Douglas Chapman

Marion Fellows

Jim Shannon

Jonathan Edwards

Margaret Ferrier

That this House welcomes the initiative between the Social Enterprise Academy Scotland and the Scottish Refugee Council to support refugees by providing a series of six leadership and enterprise programmes which will help up to 84 people across Scotland; and further welcomes the focus on opportunities for new Scots to become valued contributors and leaders within their own communities.


456Ringfenced radiotherapy funding

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 3

Tim Farron

Jim Shannon

Jonathan Edwards

That this House is deeply concerned by the scale and severity of the covid-19 induced cancer backlog; notes Macmillan’s estimate that it will take the NHS 18 months, working at 110 per cent capacity, to clear the cancer backlog; recognises that the UK has one of the lowest cancer survivability rates in international league tables; further recognises that radiotherapy is a covid-19 safe and economical cancer treatment, costing between £4,000 and £7,000 per patient; further notes the UK’s historic underfunding of radiotherapy technologies and the woeful 27 per cent treatment rate for UK patients, in comparison to the international standard of 60 per cent; calls on the Government to support the recommendations of the APPG for Radiotherapy’s 2021 Manifesto Update; and and urges that £865 million of the new multi-billion-pound NHS funding package is ringfenced for investments which improve radiotherapy services.


457Arrests and detentions in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 5

Patrick Grady

Marion Fellows

Jim Shannon

Stewart Malcolm McDonald

Jonathan Edwards

That this House notes with concern reports by Amnesty International and others that authorities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq have subjected numerous journalists, activists and protestors to arbitrary arrests and forceable disappearances in a series of crackdowns beginning in March 2020; understands that among those detained is Sherwan Ameen, who graduated from the University of Glasgow’s School of Education with a Master’s in Teaching Adults in 2015, and who was among a number of teachers arrested for protesting that they had not been paid; further understands that he had been held without charge for almost a year until 6 September when he was charged with High Treason, which carries the death penalty, and that a trial has been set for October 6; calls on the Foreign Secretary to urgently raise this case and the wider situation with counterparts in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq; and supports the calls of Amnesty International for an end to the crackdown on freedom of speech, the immediate release of all those who have been arbitrarily detained, and for the authorities to refrain from using vague and ill-defined laws to curtail the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly in the region.


458Portadown Royal British Legion 100th Anniversary

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 2

Carla Lockhart

Jim Shannon

That this House congratulates Portadown Royal British Legion on its 100th anniversary since its formation by the then Member of Parliament Major David Graham Shillington; recognises the remarkable support they have given to military servicemen and women, veterans and military families in those 100 years; thanks all volunteers who have helped deliver support through the Branch, and the funds raised for The Poppy Appeal; and wishes Portadown Royal British Legion continued success for the future.


459Mental health care

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 6

Jon Trickett

Jim Shannon

Paula Barker

Jonathan Edwards

Navendu Mishra

Ian Lavery

That this House believes there is a crisis of mental health problems in our country today; expresses its concern that the covid-19 outbreak has had a hugely detrimental impact on people’s mental health, which is likely to lead to increased pressure on mental health services in the coming months and years; notes that there has been a 16 per cent increase in suicide since 2010; further notes that there are 2,120 fewer mental health nurses in England today than there were in 2010, 5,212 fewer mental health beds and that 695 people a month are having to travel outside of their area to access mental health services; acknowledges that these cuts have hit the North East and Yorkshire and the Humber particularly hard with a loss of a quarter of mental health beds since 2010, which has resulted in 150 people a month having to travel out of the area to receive treatment; recognises that the demand for mental health services currently far exceeds the provisions available; further believes that it is totally unacceptable that people who are struggling with mental health problems are unable to access the help they need; and demands that the Government immediately makes more funding available for mental health services.


460Eastbank Care Home awarded top twenty rated care homes in Scotland

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 3

David Linden

Marion Fellows

Jim Shannon

That this House congratulates Eastbank Care Home for being recognised in the top 20 rated care homes in Scotland in the carehome.co.uk Awards 2021; notes that the award celebrates the dedication of the care home staff at Eastbank Care Home, who provide outstanding support to residents and their families; further notes that the award is based upon reviews from residents, their loved ones and other service users; congratulates all members of staff at the Eastbank Care Home and HC-One for the excellent reviews that led to them receiving the award; highlights that alongside Eastbank, 8 other Scottish care homes are on the top 20 list, making up almost half of the list; and celebrates the hard work and commitment of all care home staff, who work tirelessly to serve their communities.


461Life on the Breadline Report

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 3

David Linden

Marion Fellows

Jim Shannon

That this House welcomes the publication of Life on the Breadline: Christianity, Poverty and Politics in the 21st Century City, researched and written by Dr Stephanie Denning, Dr Chris Shannahan, Professor Robert Beckford and Professor Peter Scott; notes that the research analyses the nature, reach and impact of Christian responses to austerity age poverty, providing insights into the impact of Christian engagement with poverty and raising new challenges for policymakers on responding to poverty in the UK; highlights the extent of the research for the report, which includes interviews with 16 national Church leaders and 104 regional Church leaders; emphasises the significance of the reports recommendations for tackling poverty, which stress the importance of Church leaders and policy makers working together to address the causes of poverty, alongside encouraging policymakers to spend more time with people experiencing poverty to understand the issue more deeply; and urges the Government to consider this report and to issue a response to the recommendations.


462Market failure and energy supply

Tabled: 20/09/21 Signatories: 14

Jon Trickett

Zarah Sultana

Dan Carden

Ian Lavery

Bell Ribeiro-Addy

Mary Kelly Foy

Jim ShannonPaula BarkerJonathan EdwardsNavendu MishraKim JohnsonJeremy Corbyn

That this House notes with concern Ofgem's announcement of the £153 energy price cap rise due to take effect on 1 October 2021; further notes the rise will coincide with the end to the universal credit uplift and end to the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme; regrets that these measures combined will further force 1.28 million more of those on low incomes into poverty; recognises that the energy and energy network companies’ ability to realise significant profits from consumer bills since privatisation is evidence of a broken market; further recognises the pursual of fire and rehire tactics in private energy providers in the past year; acknowledges public support for public ownership in the energy system; believes that increased regulation and public ownership of private energy provision can deliver better investment in infrastructure, a faster switch to renewable energy, better staffing terms and conditions, and lower consumer bills; and further believes that public financial support for energy providers should come with clear conditions, including restrictions on elements of the private operating model such as dividend payments, excessive CEO remuneration, and with the option of public provision in the energy sector.